The best-known and most popular hero in the mythology of the ancient Near East, Gilgamesh was a Sumerian* king who wished to become immortal. Endowed with superhuman strength, courage, and power, he appeared in numerous legends and myths, including the Epic of Gilgamesh.
Gilgamesh (Akkadian: , romanized: Gilgameš; originally Sumerian: , romanized: Bilgames) was a hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late 2nd millennium BC.
It follows the story of Gilgamesh, the mythological hero-king of Uruk, and his half-wild friend, Enkidu, as they undertake a series of dangerous quests and adventures, and then Gilgamesh’s search for the secret of immortality after the death of his friend.
According to the story, Gilgamesh was part god and part man. His mother was Ninsun, a goddess, and his father, Lugalbanda, was the half-god king of Uruk.
Gilgamesh has typical Eternal powers such as levitation/flight (around 600 mph), extreme longevity, virtual indestructibility, emission of heat/light/force blasts from his eyes and hands, matter transmutation (minor skill only), illusion casting, near-limitless stamina, and superhuman strength (class 100).
Gilgamesh’s craftiness and determination allowed him to kill Humbaba and return home. He was a hero because he wasn’t afraid to put his own life in jeopardy for the sake of others.
Gilgamesh, also known as Archer, is the Archer Class Servant of Tokiomi Tohsaka in the Fourth Holy Grail War of Fate/Zero. At the end of the war he later makes a contract with Kirei Kotomine which lasts for a total of ten years into the Fifth Holy Grail War of Fate/Stay Night.
He obtains a physical body, and because he has been incarnated into the world, he decides that it is time to once again unite the world under his rule. He continues to follow Kotomine after the war is over, and Kotomine provides him with energy drained from children orphaned by the fire to sustain himself.
But, of course, the major teaching from the Epic of Gilgamesh is that death is inevitable. Gilgamesh wastes so much time and energy in a futile effort to find eternal life. He turns his back on family and friends to wander the wilderness in search of something he can never have.
The tragic flaw of Gilgamesh was arrogance.
Throughout Gilgamesh’s interactions with Enkidu, Enkidu changes Gilgamesh to become a better person and to be a better king. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh abuses his power by raping brides after their marriage.
Although he was a powerful king, he was not a great king. He had some good traits, such as being a leader, and fighting evil powers. He tormented his people, oppressed them them, exhausted them in daily life and in combat, and he gave himself the right to sleep with any unmarried woman.
Why then is Gilgamesh considered to be one-third human and two-third god when he is the offspring of a god(dess) and a human?
Just like the Mesopotamians, it was a polytheistic belief system and “the ancient Greeks worshipped many gods, each with a distinct personality and domain” (Hemingway). The Greek gods were considered to be very involved with the mortals, even more so than the Mesopotamian gods.
Codex Sinaiticus came to the attention of scholars in the 19th century at Saint Catherine’s Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula, with further material discovered in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Abstract. This dissertation argues that Qohelet, the author of Ecclesiastes, directly quotes the Epic of Gilgamesh. The specific quotation comes from Gilgamesh tablet X which is quoted by Ecclesiastes 9:7-10.